Crop Nutrition

Is Phosphorus building up in your paddock?

a mountain of soil phosphorus with a stickman scratching his head.

Phosphorus may be over applied in Southern Australian grain farms. A recent survey by IPNI found 80% of paddocks had more P applied than removed over a 3–5 year period. Nutrient Performance Indicators (NPIs) revealed that on average, 0.69 kg P is removed per kg P applied. Some farms may […]

Starter and residual P give strong early vigour in the north

Aerial photograph of starter and deep P trial site plots

This season, starter phosphorus (P) is producing strong early crop vigour. Deep P placement effects and the response to starter P are being documented at a long term monitoring site at Terry Hie Hie, in far north New South Wales.   The trial site compares plots with different rates of […]

Are you running down nitrogen? Do you know?

graphic with stick man running down stairs to a question mark, text 'Are you running down nitrogen?'

Many Australian grain paddocks have a nitrogen (N) deficit. Analysis by the IPNI of 2016 data collected from grain growers across the southern region found few growers were in N surplus. On average, at a paddock level 1.14 kg N is removed for each kilogram of N fertiliser applied. These calculations […]

Watch: how to use plant tissue tests for better results

Chris Dowling photo for tissue tests article

Chris Dowling explains the keys to successful sampling and interpretation of plant tissue tests in winter crops. Why use tissue tests? Plant tissue tests ask the crop ‘what’s wrong?’. Ideally, analysis can get to the core of an issue before yield has been overly compromised. Plant tissue results are more […]

Level up your Nutrient Performance Indicators

infographic about the optimal nutrient performance indicator results for a paddock.

Nutrient performance indicators (NPIs) assess how effective and efficient fertiliser applications have been. Last week we talked about using Partial Factor Productivity (PFP) and Partial Nutrient Balance (PNB) together. Those NPIs give you a good idea if your fertiliser investment was worthwhile, and if your paddock nutrient status is stable […]

Deep placement of fertiliser delivers results

Mike Bell, expert in deep fertiliser placement, smiling in paddock

Effective deep application of phosphorus (P) and potassium (K) fertiliser relies on critical factors. Understanding how to tune important variables in deep applications is emerging from trials in the northern cropping region (central and southern Queensland, and northern NSW). The critical factors for successful deep applications include: placement product choice […]

Nutrient Performance Indicators for your paddocks

text as graphic about why nutrient performance indicators are used.

Nutrient performance indicators (NPIs) are calculations you can do to assess how effective and efficient fertiliser applications have been. Underusing fertiliser limits crop yield and can draw down soil reserves. Unless building soil reserves, overuse is a waste of money, as excess nutrients can be lost and may cause environmental […]

Build up nitrogen with biserrula in Western Australia

Inspecting a biserrula pasture with annotation of the crop sequence for the paddock

Biserrula is proving a beneficial pasture legume for cereal crop rotations in Western Australia. This persistent annual legume can be used to rest and rehabilitate heavily cropped country, and to manage weeds. Used in pasture phases, it can leave plenty of nitrogen available for future crops, and eventually provides good grazing […]

Is it worth targeting a jump up in protein grade?

Some significant global premiums are emerging for high protein wheat grades. These international prices are starting to flow through to domestic wheat prices. Prime hard wheat (standard is a minimum 13% protein) was recently quoted at a premium of $85/tonne over APW wheat (10.5% protein, 5% screenings, 12.5% moisture) in […]

Focus on nitrogen and biomass for better canola

  Not enough nitrogen is the most common limit to canola yield. The current key messages on nitrogen (N) for canola crops are: biomass is the biggest driver of canola yield low N limits biomass low biomass limits water and nutrient uptake canola crops need 80 kg of available N […]