Crop Nutrition

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Category: Sowing

Tillage increases P accessibility

Tillage can redistribute phosphorus (P) within the top 10 cm of the soil. P often becomes concentrated at the soil surface, especially in no-till paddocks. Getting P deeper into the soil is important in dry seasons when the active root zones are deeper. Trials tested the response of wheat to […]

How to account for stubble nutrients next season

Stubbles can be a source of nutrients for next season. Different crops grown under different conditions have varying amounts of nutrients in their stubbles. Nutrient budgets can consider the amount and type of stubble. How much stubble? Stubble loads can be estimated from grain yield and the amount of growth. […]

How effective are high Nitrogen rates for canola – wheat rotations?

High nitrogen (N) fertiliser rates can have long-lasting yield effects in canola-wheat rotations. Since 2010, Grain Orana Alliance has looked at yield and oil responses in canola to increased nitrogen (N) rates. Yield increases often continued well beyond N rates that had been thought reasonable. There’s a risk of applying […]

How is extension for crop nutrition evolving?

Over 7000 people engaged with the MPCN Northern Region program in 2012 – 2015. The More Profit for Crop Nutrition (MPCN) program aimed to improve returns from fertiliser. The program funded research and extension on soil and crop nutrition. The e-Extension and Training projects integrated the latest advice. Growers and […]

How good are in-crop mineralisation predictions?

Crops may source much of their nitrogen (N) from in-crop mineralisation (ICM) of soil organic matter. Of total crop N at harvest, an estimated average 63% came from ICM in a recent Victorian study. Total crop N includes grain, straw and roots. Root N is about 10% of grain and […]

Can you host a research trial in a nutrient deficient paddock?

Do you want to help with crop nutrition research? One of the GRDC’s latest research projects (UQ00082) needs nutrient deficient trial sites. The trial sites will help develop guidelines for nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), potassium (K) and sulfur (S) for broad-leaved crops in eastern Australia.   For cereals, we know […]

Where exactly are nutrients in the soil? Does stratification matter?

Soils naturally form layers, and when nutrients concentrate in an area it’s called stratification. Soil type and agronomic practices affect stratification. Stratified nutrients can be a problem when nutrients are concentrated somewhere crops can’t access when they need them. Mobile nutrients such as Nitrogen and Sulphur can form bulges below […]

How are you growing a great break crop?

The yields of ‘break crops’ are more important to farm incomes with higher prices for some non-cereal crops.  In 2017, 22.5 million hectares were sown to winter crops. Over 20% – 4.7 million ha – were non-cereals. In the period leading up until 2011, break crops were around 14% of […]

A low nitrogen start limits Australian grains

Deep N soil tests are showing low available nitrogen (N) to start 2017 winter crops. Just over half of the tests coming through Nutrient Advantage Lab Services show < 30 kg/ha of plant available nitrogen in the root zone. Three- quarters show < 60 kg/ha of nitrogen. With less than […]

How to manage nitrogen in no-till residues

Crop residues influence the supply and uptake of nitrogen (N). In the long term, residues will improve soil fertility. Stubbles can immobilise soil N as they break down. Moisture makes a big difference to the rate of stubble decomposition and mineralisation of nitrogen in the soil. Nathan Craig was involved […]

How to improve results from dual purpose crops

Responsive nitrogen (N) management optimises grain yield and grazing value from dual-purpose crops. Dual-purpose crops are sown early, grazed during winter, then grown on to produce grain. For dual purpose crops in the southern region the framework for N nutrition should be: Apply adequate N upfront to promote vigorous forage […]

New deep P tool calculates the benefits and payback for you

Subsoil phosphorus (P) deficiency costs growers in Queensland and Northern NSW around $80–100 million each year in reduced yield. Deep P fertiliser applications into the subsoil can improve yield but are a long-term decision. They are moderately expensive and returns are not immediate. The Deep-P calculator helps Northern region growers […]